NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) 20150023476: Theoretical Studies of Spectroscopic Line Mixing in Remote Sensing Applications
Publication date 2015-12-14
Topics NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY, LINE SPECTRA, RAMAN SPECTRA, REMOTE SENSING, MATRICES (MATHEMATICS), INFRARED SPECTRA, ROTATIONAL SPECTRA, SCALING LAWS, MOLECULAR RELAXATION, MOLECULAR ENERGY LEVELS, QUANTUM MECHANICS, FORMALISM, POLLUTION MONITORING, AMMONIA, ACETYLENE, SCATTERING, CARBON DIOXIDE, NITROGEN, RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY, GAS SPECTROSCOPY, Ma, Q., Boulet, C., Tipping, R. H.,
The phenomenon of collisional transfer of intensity due to line mixing has an increasing importance for atmospheric monitoring. From a theoretical point of view, all relevant information about the collisional processes is contained in the relaxation matrix where the diagonal elements give half-widths and shifts, and the off-diagonal elements correspond to line interferences. For simple systems such as those consisting of diatom-atom or diatom-diatom, accurate fully quantum calculations based on interaction potentials are feasible. However, fully quantum calculations become unrealistic for more complex systems. On the other hand, the semi-classical Robert-Bonamy (RB) formalism, which has been widely used to calculate half-widths and shifts for decades, fails in calculating the off-diagonal matrix elements. As a result, in order to simulate atmospheric spectra where the effects from line mixing are important, semi-empirical fitting or scaling laws such as the ECS (Energy-Corrected Sudden) and IOS (Infinite-Order Sudden) models are commonly used. Recently, while scrutinizing the development of the RB formalism, we have found that these authors applied the isolated line approximation in their evaluating matrix elements of the Liouville scattering operator given in exponential form. Since the criterion of this assumption is so stringent, it is not valid for many systems of interest in atmospheric applications. Furthermore, it is this assumption that blocks the possibility to calculate the whole relaxation matrix at all. By eliminating this unjustified application, and accurately evaluating matrix elements of the exponential operators, we have developed a more capable formalism. With this new formalism, we are now able not only to reduce uncertainties for calculated half-widths and shifts, but also to remove a once insurmountable obstacle to calculate the whole relaxation matrix. This implies that we can address the line mixing with the semi-classical theory based on interaction potentials between molecular absorber and molecular perturber. We have applied this formalism to address the line mixing for Raman and infrared spectra of molecules such as N2, C2H2, CO2, NH3, and H2O. By carrying out rigorous calculations, our calculated relaxation matrices are in good agreement with both experimental data and results derived from the ECS model.
Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0
Uploaded by chris85 on